PARSA Job Corps Story – Mirowais

Miroweis joined PARSA Job Corps- small enterprise in January.  He is 14 and the only child of a very poor couple. His mother earns $80 a month and his father works at hard day labor when he can get work.  He joined PARSA Job Corps # 1 and became part of a team of four boys who wanted to learn how to make money at horticulture, growing vegetables and flowers and who are starting a small poultry farm.  He wants to also stay in school so he can make a good income and support his parents.  His dearest wish is to have an eye operation to regain the sight in his left eye.  This month the boys worked hard and earned enough income for their business to breakground on their small plot of land and to buy the materials to build their chicken coop.  They needed to hire some day labourers to help and as a team they decided to hire Miroweis’s father.  They are very pleased to be able to help his family while also moving forward on their small business.  This is the kind of problem solving and learning our PARSA Job Corps youth have the opportunity to learn while also significantly contributing to their family income.

Update: On this trip to Istalif, Miroweis shared with Reese that his dearest dream was to get his eye fixed.  He lost the sight in it when he was six and suffered a blow to the head.  Thanks to a PARSA Family Member who lives in Kabul, this week he went to Noor Eye Clinic and was given a glass eye.  He is still shy about it but so very, very pleased.


Lessons learned working in Afghanistan

At PARSA we have a new program being developed, PARSA Job Corps in response to the dire economic need of many of our community based Afghan Scouts- boys and girls.  When I mean “developed” I mean that I and our staff are learning everyday.  We have 40 youth learning how to start and run very small enterprises.  This month we are learning how to design and produce products for market and how the  “market” works.  What does that mean really?  Our kids decided that candles would be a great product.  None of us being experts on how to make candles, we all set out to learn from the internet and from a book.  We have been making candles now for about four weeks.  We have made candles with string for wicks.  Reese and his team made lumpy taper candles, and then he spent a couple of days trying to figure out how to market them as they are- “handmade” but decided they were just too ugly.  The girls made perfect candles in jars that would not light.  The boys trashed the kitchen with wax and made “wax on a jar” candles where there was more wax on the outside than the inside. Our logistic staff bought beautiful beeswax somewhere in the bazaar but neglected to get a supplier phone number so we are still hunting for quality beeswax. I watched myself and my staff through this process and the impulse to take over from the kids is overwhelming-watching them making mistakes over and over is excruciating.  Then we started noticing something happening with our youth.  As we melted down waxy mistake after mistake, and found solutions to problems they started to relax- especially the girls and they took over the process themselves.  In fact, they started coming up with better ideas than I could. I was so frustrated I moved the candle making to my kitchen, making a mess and insisting on having Yasin witness every change I made as I tested the candles.  Today, the girls came up with an innovation on getting the wicks centered that I never would have thought of.  As a trainer, one of the more difficult experiences I have with adult Afghan’s is how constrained they are around making mistakes and how upsetting it is to them.  Even today in the Afghan educational environment, kids are punished for their mistakes.  What I and my staff learned this month in working with the PARSA Job Corps, was that our job is not to teach them to be produce a perfect product but to give them an environment where they can learn to make mistakes, recover, come up with better solutions working toward their own standards.  This kind of learning environment is where critical thinking happens, entrepreneurship is born, and confidence is built.  So as we debrief from the candle making experience and move onto the next lesson- where to sell our products for best price…my staff and I realised that our job is to help our youth through the process of making mistakes, teaching them how to negotiate the disappointment and to persist toward success.  

Now for our next lesson, we have our “PARSA Job Corps” Bazaar coming up and there are going to be some weird, overpriced items for sale.  Please do not purchase them unless you genuinely want them.  We are counting on some disappointment from this bazaar, so they can learn about making products for a market and what prices the market will bear.  I  promise we will walk them through this and they will learn a positive lesson!

Job Corps #3 – The Girls

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Our first Job Corps for girls, #3, is taking off, and we are very excited about it – and so are the girls! Mojabin, Sima, Mushtare, Beshta, Maqbola, Samira, Nazia, Fatimah and Farida are all incredibly enthusiastic and excited to learn. So far they have been focusing on cooking and hospitality skills through our Afghan Kitchen, however last week we asked them to make a list of the skills that they want to learn, and their answers were endless. They included auto-mechanics, photography, beauty school – makeup, hair styling and manicures/pedicures, henna, candle making, computer skills, tailoring, learning English, and they all said they want to learn how to drive cars and ride horses, although since they are quite young we decided to start with bicycles. We are so looking forward to making progress with this first pioneer group of girls, and to use their success as a model to expand the girls Job Corps to other provinces. This is a great edition new branch of our PARSA Education Programs – building youth leadership across the country.

To donate directly to the PARSA Job Corps via PayPal, please click here and mention the job corps in the comments. For more information email Alyssa at

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Marnie’s August Blog Entry

PARSA August 2016

Last week I had the opportunity to sit in on a World Bank meeting and contribute to the international dialogue that will take place in Brussels about the future of Afghanistan. As I listened to the well-researched prognosis for the next couple of years presented by an economic expert, I was struck by just how wide the gap is between our efforts to address stabilizing a country from a macro level of development and from the “frontline” reality that organizations like PARSA face when dealing at the level of people experiencing the results of a tragically drawn out war. On the macro level, the problems are overwhelming and even hopeless. On the frontline of service, the problems take on a name and a face, and our innate compassion for others overrules any sense of despair or futility.

Two weeks ago I was contacted by a woman in Norway who, as a mental health professional, was working with an Afghan illegal immigrant who was being deported by to Kabul after five years in Norway. He had been born in Iran, and has never stepped foot in Afghanistan, and has no identification from any country that might assist him with integrating here. This very kind Norwegian reached out to us at PARSA to see if we could somehow assist. She went way beyond her professional obligation to reach out and into his life to try to help so that he might have a decent future, and we at PARSA reached back and took him in, stretching beyond our capacity or mandate to respond humanely. Today, Mohammed is out on a trip volunteering with the Scouts, paying us back for our compassion by working as hard as he can to contribute to PARSA, as it is his new home. I am convinced that this network of small efforts to change each life as it comes into our world will at some point overwhelm the cynicism and resignation of the “larger picture”. Thank you PARSA Family Members for being part of our work in changing lives.

Marnie Gustavson
Executive Director PARSA

Shopping for the Holidays in Kabul


Maybe I go to the bazaar about twice a month to go shopping. There isn’t too much use as our staff, especially the drivers know how to do our shopping for us.  The number of shops for Westerners in Kabul could all fit into one Fred Meyer in Seattle, and I do shop every once in a while in those stores, although the selection tends to be stale, have freezer burn or been thawed out and refrozen frequently.  I think the good news is that there are maybe fifty things I can think of to buy, all staples needing preparation and our food is fresh and for the most part organic and not processed.  I mostly shop now to break up my day and get out for a change.  Noorullah is my favorite driver shopping buddy. Afghan men do most of the shopping for the family and are very good at it and Noorullah scours the city for good deals and special treats.  When we go out he sings his shopping song..usually about a vegetable…today he sang about “Kachaloos”..(potatoes) …making it up as he goes along …”Potatoes,…how I love potatoes…fresh potatoes from Bamiyan, sweet little potatoes…my baby is a potato boy….” except I really wanted a box of oranges for fresh juice…so he made up a new song “ oranges….Afghan oranges….not Pakistani oranges..because we don’t want to give them our money anymore….special sweet oranges for Juldash to make fresh juice for the Marnie, jan…”

One hour…and one box of oranges, a very old frozen turkey, a refrozen lasagne that feeds 12 and probably “fell off the truck” for some military base..and I am ready for Christmas Eve dinner this year.  Except I have to set up my “Christmas Twig”- a piece of decorated curly willow tree which is now part of our tradition…lacking a decent Christmas tree which I could find for $200 if I were so inclined.  We are checking in with friends to see who is left in town for holidays, and will visit the various homes that are having a holiday party…ours will just be close friends. Dawn will make pies, Lorraine -French Onion Soup- and Louise something British with turkey – all which will be delicious.  I am so grateful that we just get to make it up as we go along with the focus on being with people we care about without any pressure for how the holiday should be and usually we are delighted with our time together even though we miss our family at home. Happy Holidays All!

Afghan Scouts at the World Jamboree

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We are very proud to announce that a delegation of Afghan Scouts, led by Amin Nayebi, has left for the 23rd World Scout Jamboree. This official event of the World Organization of the Scout Movement is being held in Kirara-hama, Yamaguchi City, Japan from July 28, to August 8, 2015.

We our very proud of our Afghan Scouts for attending this important Scouting event, and we are confident that they will do a wonderful job representing Scouting in Afghanistan.

Taking ready for Sleep\ Dubai Airport







PARSA Eid Staff Party


Our PARSA staff are usually operating in their own departments, Scouts focusing on Scout activities, women’s economics completely separate from psychosocial, finance and HR in a world apart from VoAY or our support staff. We all say hi on lunch and during tea breaks, but it is only during our staff parties that we all get to sit down and hang out together. To brighten up the tedious first day back to work after the Eid long weekend, we arranged our summer staff party to cheer up the mood. Delicious food, recognizing the achievements of all our departments, and recognizing those staff who have been stepping up to the plate these last few months – especially those from our Scout leadership team who spent the hot weeks of Ramazan traveling across the northern provinces getting our Scout programs running steadily. And who knew we have over 50 staff who work at our Marastoon offices!

Congratulations to all our staff, and Eid Mubarak!








Eid at Shamsa Village


On the third day of Eid we headed out to Shamsa Village Orphanage with a team of volunteers for a few hours of fun with the beautiful kids. We celebrated, played games, ate ice cream, and had a generally great Eid celebration. It was a wonderful day for everyone involved – those kids touch all of our hearts, and there is nothing better than seeing them smile.



















BORDA Dewats System at Shamsa Complete

This past Tuesday we celebrated the inauguration of the new sanitation system that has been installed at Shamsa Village Orphanage. Everyone at PARSA would like to extend a huge thank you to the Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association (BORDA) for taking on the project to install the new DEWATS sanitation system for the compound. Previously the septic tanks in use were not functioning correctly which created a very unsanitary, not to mention unpleasant, conditions for the children. A huge thank you also to the German Embassy who funded the project. Step by step Shamsa Village is becoming a leading model in Afghanistan for how great an orphanage can be.



DAILY QUIRKS: A Luxurious Life of Sacrifice

We’re a strange bunch. Those of us who grew up abroad but have made the decision to live in Afghanistan long term. And we’re strange for a variety of personal and collective reasons that could fill up pages (has anyone written that book yet? Or no wait, everyone has written that book). Sometimes these “quirks” make us look absolutely insane to friends and family who are not here and we’re often reminded of that on trips home. We sit over lunch on our brief visits back and it becomes very difficult to converse about regular topics because your contribution, as hard as you try, tends to have a splash of absurdity in it.

“So the other day my driver was saying…”

“Wait, what? You have your own driver?”

And suddenly the point of the story, whatever it was, is gone.

“Yes, we also have a cleaning lady…….a chawkidar is a man that opens the door and handles stuff around the house. Sometimes there’s more than one of them. Oh um… the office cook makes lunch…”

Insert sheepish look. Your eyes dart around the room for anyone who might be able to back you up here but they’re all back in Kabul or maybe in the same situation as you are.

You realize you’ve confused everyone because they probably assumed you wear a burka and quietly sneak cans of food to people in tents. There is a fine line between how luxurious our lives could be considered and on the other hand how we could be acknowledged as “roughing it” by living here. It’s all a matter of comparison, isn’t it?

Before I share how luxurious or sacrificial my daily life is, let’s remember there is a very broad spectrum. I will be the first to say that there are people who I consider “roughing it” that haven’t seen a soda or heard English in months. Then of course there are those in air-conditioned apartments that put Manhattan living to shame and the resident of this place has only “heard” of that scary world outside their walls. Let’s leave all that alone for now and I’ll just give you a list of examples from my own perspective.

Heating. I hate winter. I’ve recently pieced together that it’s because of my Eastern Afghanistan heritage. I was meant to be sipping cold yogurt drinks under palm trees, not participating in Toronto or Kabul winters. On one hand, I have a bukharee heating system in whichever room I’m in, pretty much for the whole winter (see earlier article “bukharee”). This is a life of luxury in a country where people freeze literally to death. Compared to my upbringing however, where central heating was not optional, here I feel frozen solid for at least 5 months of every year. And that is difficult to consider luxurious sometimes.

Food. We have a wealth of food and frankly most of it is better than you have in your grocery stores. I speak to anyone, anywhere outside of Afghanistan when I say that. I can also afford to eat enough food, treat myself to exquisite Afghan cuisine in restaurants and even to foreign delicacies like Cambodian, Japanese, Italian and Indian. I can stop at the vegetable and fruit stand and walk away with a car full of melons, tomatoes, cucumbers, pomegranates… you name it. And this is most certainly a luxury. I can afford it, unlike much of Afghanistan. But… on certain days I remember things like…. extra lean ground beef! Blueberries! Fruits and vegetables around ALL YEAR ROUND. We never have everything all at once and I’m not sure if I can even list certain products I miss because I have forgotten I miss them. Most raised-abroad Kabul residents can relate to this: I have anxiety when I first get back to the grocery stores I grew up with. Why are there so many different kinds of everything? HELP! I’d better buy all the blueberries and avocados before anyone else finds out they’re available! And if you saw my panicked expression when trying to pick out a cereal, you’d probably feel sorry for me instead of thinking I have a luxurious food life in Afghanistan.

Home! I love my home in Kabul. The garden is the kind that makes you want to write (or start to understand) poetry. Roses and fruit trees as far as the eye can see and even a volleyball net. The house itself is an adorable 60s style bungalow with a nice kitchen and a gorgeous zebra mural from who knows when. So yes, luxurious to no end, especially compared to the poverty around us. But just for good measure I’ll throw in that we often have no electricity (really often lately), we can’t catch a proper wifi signal and our roof is caving in. My room is so moldy from the damp ceiling that the white wooden closet has turned green. And we live with “there’s no water because the pipes are frozen” sometimes but it doesn’t seem to make the evening news the way it would in my Toronto community.

One more for good measure. Mostly for my girls. Grooming is in no way luxurious here, I can not pretend. But I can maybe surprise you. Eyebrows can be threaded cheaply, there are some places where you can get a good hair cut and OK there’s some makeup available in the more expensive shops. Should you want to be dolled up, it may not be the style you’re used to but there are plenty of fake lashes and beehives at your whim. There are some clothes here and there that I’m OK with. There are some brand name shampoos available. But unlike all the categories I’ve listed so far, this is the one where I don’t think lucky or luxurious is really a description that would pass. Maybe grooming is possible but glamour is certainly a difficult (impossible for me) task.

So except for that last one, which arguably shouldn’t matter at all (it does), I’m ok with all of the conditions. Depending on the mood of the day I, probably like most others who grew up elsewhere, shift from feeling lucky and feeling exhausted. But I try to remember daily at least one thing that I wouldn’t have if I weren’t here. And that list is long. We have calm yet adventurous, stressful yet rewarding, infuriating yet heartwarming lives here. And at the end of the day, I have the life I want and have chosen. I believe that choice in itself should always be defined as a luxury.

Shamsa Turkish Children’s Day!

The Shamsa kids visited PARSA on April 24 for their monthly cultural activity day, this time celebrating Turkish Children’s Day! It was another great day, and this time our PARSA Finance team even came out to run their own activity – needless to say were happy to escape from the finance office and see first hand what all their hard work goes to – plus they looked like they had just as much fun as the kids. Enjoy the pictures!

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“Wild Camping” in Bamiyan


Yasin, Reese, his friend Maiwand and I were in Bamiyan for a few days to check on our projects and get a much-needed escape from Kabul’s hectic city life. Even for a trip of a few days Bamiyan makes for a perfectly revitalizing vacation – clean air, open space, fresh weather, great security, friendly people – what more could one ask for.

20150414_143717We arrived and spent Monday and Tuesday morning with Zahra and Taher, who run our Bamiyan PARSA office, and visited some of our project sites including our schools in the cave communities to make sure they were up and running for the school season. Then Tuesday afternoon we decided to drive out to Afghanistan’s most famous lake, Band-e-Amir, to do a hike into the national park and an overnight camping trip. Bamiyan is one of the few places in Afghanistan where it is safe enough for foreigners/city folk to travel freely in the countryside, and we all wanted to take full advantage of the opportunity.

20150414_143247We drove along the muddy dirt road beside the picturesque lake until we found a stream crossing our path that we decided would be good to hike along. We parked the car so it was hidden from the road, and walked in the beautiful, sunny weather, surrounded on one side by high cliffs and on the other by snowy mountains, up a valley until we found a good basecamp in the remains of a century-old house that looked like it was now used by shepherds and their herds.

Reese set up the main tent there for himself, Taher and Maiwand, and Yasin and I trekked on to set up our own tents further up the valley. We ended up climbing up an avalanche shoot almost to the top of the cliffs, and were only deterred when a little bird that had been sitting on a stone started a mini-avalanche that sent huge rocks shooting down some meters away from us. However the most interesting part of that climb, besides the incredible view, was that we found fossilized seashells at the tops of the cliffs. The whole region was once under water.

20150415_063753When we got back down Reese started a fire and we cooked ourselves a potato stew for dinner, and drank coffee out of our big bowls. Until then everything was great, we had forgotten we were in the heart of a country “at-war” and had enjoyed the peaceful nature, not another person in sight. Then night came.

Reese and I were at least nominally prepared. My gear is three-seasons, and it held up well against the freezing rain, and even did okay against the slushy snow that followed, but the others weren’t so lucky. Their tents were only summer tents, and Yasin, who faired the worst, said he spent his entire night crouched in the center of his tent while it literally rained (then snowed) around him (inside his tent!). By morning his blanket looked like it had spend the night soaking in the stream.

DSC00177Everyone woke up at first light (except me who was still for the most part dry and warm, and not in any hurry to get out of my warm sleeping bag and into the snow), and despite the bad weather and their freezing nights, still in happy moods. We packed up camp and hiked back to the car, happy to be warm, and enjoying the views of the snowy mountains and low clouds that made the scenery look like a gateway to heaven. Reese did an epic job off-roading us back to the main road, despite the deep mud and crevices in the road.

All-in-all it was a great excursion as part of a great trip. It serves as a reminder that even though the overall security situation in Afghanistan is quite bad, it is still a beautiful country with pristine landscape where one can find places that are just as peaceful as any other country has to offer. What a great trip!







PARSA Farm: Our Baby Chicks


Our baby chicks at PARSA are the cutest! Our entire staff love them, and Sameer from Voice of Afghan Youth even made them their own music video to the Surfin Bird song – our birds are the word! Can’t wait until they grow up and start giving us delicious, fresh organic eggs every morning!



My Family in Afghanistan


IMG_3064 copyAnyone who has lived abroad knows that although it can get lonely at times, new friendships are made, relationships established, and soon we start to develop a “family” in our chosen home. Personally, for a long time I have known that I have a wonderful community here with colleagues and friends who are amazing people and I am sure will stay in my life permanently, regardless of where our individual paths take us. Since I started to work for PARSA, I have always felt that our entire staff are a big part of my family in Afghanistan. However it wasn’t until my birthday yesterday that I realized how special they are all to me, and how much they appreciate me in return.

After a meeting in town I had made plans for a birthday lunch at a nearby restaurant. While I was eating a few colleagues called to wish me happy birthday and ask where I was. This seemed a bit strange at first because no one generally notices if I miss lunch, but it turned out they had planned a special surprise birthday meal – and were waiting for me to celebrate. Completely unexpected! I was late getting back, but when I did there was not only a special lunch, but also a big beautiful cake that Mina had brought, flowers, and even a few beautifully-wrapped presents.

Everyone – the Scouts, our finance and tailoring teams, even the operations and farm staff – came to my office for cake and a mini celebration. It was such a wonderful, unexpected day, and it made me realize that the people in that room are my true family in Afghanistan. It is such a blessing to be a part of an organization where the staff care so much about each other and really look out for one another’s well being and happiness. It was the best birthday present in the world to be reminded so strongly that I have such a beautiful, caring family at PARSA. Thank you all!IMG_3044

Nowruz with Shamsa

Our beautiful kids from Shamsa Village Orphanage came to visit us at PARSA for Nowruz celebrations, and it was so much fun! They arrived looking adorable and all dressed up in their Afghan best. We had plenty of fun activities, from flower planting (Nowruz is a time to celebrate farmers), to jelabi games (an Afghan sweet), to tokhum-jangi (egg-fighting), to horse riding and face painting. We even had a surprise concert and cake for everyone! What a wonderful day, the pictures speak for themselves. Happy Persian New Year to all our PARSA supporters around the world!


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Scout Distributions to Panjshir Avalanche Victims


Since the devastating avalanches in Panjshir, our Afghan Scouts have been collecting donations for the victims and their families, and waiting for the roads to clear up enough to be able to deliver the donations directly to the affected villages. Last week a team of Afghanistan Scout Volunteers Society traveled deep into Panjshir Valley with a truckload of warm clothes, blankets, cooking supplies and medicine and handed them out to the families. Many victims said that although they had heard that there had been donations to help them via the governor’s office in the provincial capital, this was the first time since the disaster that a group had traveled directly to them with help.

Seeing the Scouts in action, spreading their message of peace and unity, is priceless – watch the video below or by clicking here:



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PARSA Women Celebrating Women’s Day

March 8th was International Women’s Day, and our PARSA female staff decided to leave the men behind for a day of our own. We all got dressed up and headed downtown for a women-only fashion show and concert with the famous Afghan singer Shahla Zaland. It was a great event and we absolutely loved spending women-only time with each other and all the other incredible Afghan women who were there – plus we had PARSA clothes in the fashion show! Happy Women’s Day to all our PARSA supporters!

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Traveling Rumi

Meet our first traveling “goodee” doll, Rumi. Rumi is a pint-sized replica of one of the members of our PARSA farm, Rumi the elegant fat-tailed Afghan sheep. Reese rescued Rumi from becoming a dinner kebab during Eid last year, and brought him to PARSA where he lives the sheep-dream: plenty of food, plenty of friends, and plenty of roaming space.

We are making little stuffed replicas of our PARSA Farm animals to help promote both our PARSA Farm and our tailoring program, both part of our PARSA Women’s Economic programs. Our women will be making unique stuffed replicas of each of our farm animals, and decorating them with individualized Afghan style. Then as our staff members travel around Afghanistan and abroad we will be taking our little stuffed pets with us and sharing our journey’s from their point of view!

Reese’s little Rumi is the first to go – from Kabul where he said goodbye to Reese’s mastiff Sherock, all the way to Washington State, where he is currently on all sorts of adventures in the warm spring Seattle weather. We plan to auction off little Rumi once he is back in Kabul to raise money for the women who made him, so stayed tuned for more of his adventures!



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Chinese New Years with Shamsa

Today we hosted our much-anticipated Chinese New Years event welcoming in the Year of the Goat with the kids from Shamsa Village Orphanage. To put it mildly, it was amazing! We still don’t know who had more fun, the kids themselves or the volunteers and PARSA staff who were helping to run things.

IMG_5911Chinese New Years is a very exciting and fun holiday, and we thought it would be a great first glimpse into Chinese culture for the kids (and for some of us!). We had five themed activities: Chinese lantern crafts, pin the tail on the goat, donuts on a string (because the kids love it), a dragon/goat coloring and fan making activity, and a learn-to-use chopsticks table. They were all great and the kids could not have been more happy with their beautiful lanterns and faces covered in donut sugar.

IMG_6383We played games such as “Toufan Says” as wrestling practice, then after the lunch the adults did our best attempt at entertaining the kids with a Chinese parade dragon dance, after which the kids had a blast running around with the giant home made dragon head. We finished the day by handing out “lai see” traditional envelopes and teaching the kids to say “Kung Hei Fat Choy!!”

IMG_5969This amazing event was made possible by the great response from our local donor community to our ask last week, and we were happy to see many members of our Kabul community, both national and international, out to help run activities, play with the kids, and eat a great PARSA brunch.

A huge thanks to everyone who participated. Enjoy the picture gallery below!!



DAILY QUIRK: Goats on the Roof

Goats are mischievous creatures. Everyone knows this. But it isn’t until you get your first pair of adorable baby goats and try to keep them as family pets that you realize just how mischievous they can be. Take our recent series of “goats on the roof” experiences. The first time it happened was on an evening that I was working a little late at the office, and got one of the now-regular worried text messages from Marnie telling me that the goats were cold and hungry in their grazing pen and calling for their “goat-mother”. So I packed up and walked up to the house about 5 minutes later, only to find Marnie looking half frantic, half perplexed. I followed her worried gaze up to the top of the high roof of our Scouting building, where I saw little Fred and Wilma happily grazing away from the leaves off of the top of a tall tree.

Marnie said that she had let them out of their pen and only taken her eyes off them for two minutes, when they had dashed away and figured out how to scramble to the top of an old staircase, jump onto the building’s roof and then scamper over to the delicious tree leaves. The whole thing seemed fairly well planned out from the goats’ side.

We were both rather panicked as they were standing on the very edge of the building and it is a long way down. So I dropped my bags and ran up the stairs and onto the roof, and with a lot less grace than the goats made it over to them and picked Fred up to carry him down (Wilma always follows Fred wherever he goes). Getting them off the roof was another rather challenging maneuver, but we all managed to get back on solid ground without any injuries.

Marnie and I were very relieved to have rescued our “kids” from the rooftop, and put them away for the night. However, now that they have a taste for those delicious rooftop tree leaves, it is Fred and Wilma’s daily goal to get back on the roof the second they are out of our sight, and this has become a “daily quirk” for Norm, Wasse and I, who are the ones who have to keep climbing up on the roof to carry our goats back down.

We love our kids though, so it is worth it!

Happy Chinese New Years from everyone at PARSA – we are all very happy to be ringing in the Year of the Goat!

How we See Ourselves in Afghanistan

Click on the link below to read our very own VoAY Producer Mina Sharif’s article that was published in the Huffington Post. It shares her positive and uplifting view on her outlook living and working with PARSA and the Scouts in Kabul:

How we See Ourselves in Afghanistan

Mina’s positive outlook on Afghanistan reflects that of all of us at PARSA and we are proud of her for sharing it with the world!

DAILY QUIRKS: Snowball Fights, Afghan Style

IMG_5295This past weekend Reese, Yasin and I made a snowboarding attempt on Salang Pass, but unfortunately when we got to the top after our 3 hour drive we found that visibility was terrible and although there was a lot more snow there than in Kabul, it was not enough for boarding. So we made the best of it, and to the amusement of the roadside shopkeepers and the steady stream of cars driving by, Reese and I had a full-out snowball fight on the side of the road near the top of the pass. The pictures clearly show that I won.



Okay, maybe I didn’t win. Retreat!



Yasin and Reese hanging out.

Unfortunately the window was OPEN when that mud splatter happened.









Reese doesn’t go anywhere without his coffee cup.


Embassy of Indonesia Visits the Scouts


Mr. Budi Prastowo, Minister Counselor of the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia, met today with the executive leaders of the Afghan Scouts at our PARSA main offices in Marastoon, Kabul. In this meeting we discussed the Afghan Scouts both in Afghanistan, Indonesia and globally, and we planned ways for the Indonesian Scouts and the Afghan Scouts to work together in the future. A great day for global Scouting!

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DAILY QUIRKS: Goats in the Bathroom

This holiday season found those of us who are internationals in Kabul with a heightened security threat and not much to do in the way of entertaining ourselves. We had to create our own holiday spirit.

2Alyssa, who had just moved into our residence at the time, decided that above everything else her top priority was that she must get goats, and that they would be a cheerful gift to all of us to lift our spirits for the holidays. She told us that having her own goats was her life’s dream and that here we were with a “goat-less” PARSA Farm, so we needed to find some.

Mina, who likes the idea of the farm but hadn’t quite extended her comfort level far enough to actually touch any of the animals, made the goats her personal character-building challenge, so she was on board. (Check out Mina’s series of selfies of her almost touching a cow).  Reese just found the whole thing entertaining and decided he was on board, too.

I protested half-heartedly by dragging out my favorite Dari quote: “If you don’t have enough troubles, buy a goat”. – “We DO have enough troubles!” I insisted, but the protest fell on deaf ears.

A trip to the Shomali plain animal bazaar was organized a few days before Xmas and off our team went on their adventure to purchase goats. Four hours later, Alyssa came home elated with two small kids in her arms, and after much deliberation we all agreed on the names “Wilma and Fred”.


Reese and Alyssa dressed them in animal finery, complete with Bamiyan jewelry and Kuchi decorations and put them in the backyard for the afternoon, with Alyssa completely enchanted by the fact that they had adopted her as their “goat mother”, following her around wherever she went and bleating loudly if she left their sight for longer than 30 seconds.

The reality that we had just added two GOATS to our household finally hit me as I looked out my bedroom window and realized that we were already overrun with 12 dogs and 3 cats, and I began asking her what her plans for housing them were. Animal politics are already very complicated at our house as not all animals get along and require certain animals such as our large mastif, Sherak, to have special runs and places to live.

“Don’t worry!” Alyssa said happily, “they will stay in my room with me!”  She made a comfortable place in her bathroom for them for the night and as far as she was concerned all problems were solved.  The next morning a dreadful stench wafted from her room when she came out for breakfast and she reported that she never would have guessed that two adorable baby animals could generate so much poop and cause so much destruction in a room.

On the third day of her goat program – after spending hours on two successive mornings shoveling poop out of her bathroom – she decided to move them to one of the cow enclosures on the farm to join the baby cows and Rumi, our sheep.  Having tasted the “good life”, Fred and Wilma were not at all interested in the prospect of hanging out with farm animals, and constantly escaped the daily walks with their comrades to roam areas of their own choosing – often causing our staff great headaches in trying to get them back.

Then Wilma caught a goat cold and they both acquired warm sweatshirts with hoodies. The farm staff finally got fed up with having to spend their days chasing goats dressed up in children’s clothing and jewelry, and so ousted them from the farm in frustration. So back up to the house they came! Wasse and Nasir, secretly amused by the whole venture, finally took pity on Alyssa and built her a small “goat bedroom” outside her own room so that she would no longer have to use her room as a barn. She was relieved!

Fred and Wilma are now quite settled in. They keep Alyssa very busy and have become a focal point for my general anxiety. As I walk home from work each day they see me and run too the fence, bleating loudly, and I begin sending worried texts to Alyssa:

“Wilma is yelling.  Should I put her in your room?”
“Alyssa, the goats are cold and Fred lost his coat.”
“Alyssa, where are the goats!?  Are they with you?”
“Are goats supposed to eat roses?”
I am so grateful for our  gifts. They certainly are an entertaining distraction, as well as a testament to creative holiday gifts that just keep giving.

Staff Acknowledgement Lunch

Our PARSA staff are a big family. They are the ones who work hard to keep the PARSA vision alive, often going far beyond their official duties to do so. Most of the 45 permanent employees at our Kabul main offices – from operations staff to management – have been with PARSA for years and are highly dedicated to their work with us.

Although we eat lunch together daily, usually at least half the team is missing because they are off visiting our projects or are too busy handling their respective responsibilities to make it to the staff room. We love our Staff Acknowledgement days because they bring us all together and give us a chance to catch up with each others’ departments.

Today we acknowledged six people for Employees of the Month (we can never just pick one!): from Scouts – Amin; from Women’s Economics – Shoghora; from Operations – Aziz Agha (who cooked us our delicious qabuli meal); and the entire Finance Department – Toofan, Abdullah, and Mustafa.

Everyone had a great day and shared a few laughs – just the recharge we needed!

DAILY QUIRKS: Kabul’s Lazy Dinner (MREs!)

Generally people like myself, who are always busy with work and life but also exhibit certain laziness tendencies at times, have found life hacks that fit well with our busy-but-lazy lifestyle.

There are all sorts of examples of Kabul life hacks, but my favorite lazy-but-highly-effective way of freeing up time is with MREs. “Meal, Ready-to-Eat” are the American solution to feeding troops in the field. They are “home-cooked” in the U.S. and stamped with the approval of the Department of Defense. They all have the catchy, copyrighted slogan “Warfighter Recommended, Warfighter Tested, Warfighter Approved”, and the main course generally sports instructions detailing all the reasons for why it is dangerous to not consume sufficient calories while in the field. (These things aren’t exactly five-star dining and I guess it can be hard to convince certain gourmet-loving soldiers to actually eat the vacuum-sealed meals, but I don’t think they’re that bad.)

All you need to set up a night of working without ever having to leave your desk is an MRE package and some water. First, you open the package and sort through all the surprises – you only known what the main course will be by what is written on the outside of the package; everything else is kept secret until mealtime (I suppose they do this so that soldiers in the field have at least one daily surprise to look forward to that breaks the monotony of missions).

Today I picked “MENU 8: Meatballs in Marinara Sauce”. My package contained:

  • the main meatball course
  • a package of “wheat snack bread”
  • cheddar cheese pretzels
  • smoked almonds
  • crackers
  • cheese spread
  • tropical punch flavored “beverage base powder”
  • The usual package of condiments etc: a pack of Nescafe, a non-dairy powder creamer, a salt package, two pieces of gum, pizza seasoning (why?), sugar, a pack of waterproof matches, a tissue, a spoon, and of course a moist-towelette so the soldiers with etiquette can clean up when finished.

Today’s menu is merely satisfactory. Sometimes they contain all sources of fancy extras such as (Real!) M&Ms, apple-cinnamon “muffin tops” (so you only have to eat the best part of the muffin), hot coco, or the favorite “HOOAH!” energy bar.

The cheesy-filled pretzels today look the best, and I start with them. My MRE routine is usually the same: pick at a few snacks, then once I’ve been at my desk for a few hours go through the process of cooking the main meal. You simply add an ounce of water to the MRE Heater Bag, and insert the main course into the bag. The water heats the food using some sort of oxidation-reduction reaction with the magnesium in the heater bag (yes, I am a scientist at heart), and within 5 minutes you can remove your main course and voila! A hot dinner without ever having to leave your desk. There is even generally enough heat left over to prepare a decent cup (or, umm, plastic bag) of Nescafe.

And there you have it! A complete dinner and lots of extras all for about 70 cents (on the underground market), no cleanup or getting-up required. Kabul life hacks are great. Now it’s back to work!

Introducing: DAILY QUIRKS

We are excited to announce a new section of our PARSA Living and Working in Afghanistan Blog called Daily Quirks. This will be a fun, light-hearted collection of short posts that will give our readers a peek into what makes life special for us in Kabul. We want to share with you the little things that makes life so special here – the things that you wouldn’t see in the media.

Our first post is written by our Voice of Afghan Youth Producer, Mina Sharif, who joined PARSA in August 2014 and has brought an amazing vibrancy and sense of enthusiasm to our Kabul offices. She writes about her much-loved bukharee – check it out here!

Yasin and Marnie in with TA Bamiyan

In October, Yasin and Marnie had a community meeting with the women of our Trade Afghan cooperative in Bamiyan to discuss the merits of our program and what they need for the future. I loved the conversation that they had with us. The women that we spoke with thanked us for helping them find markets for their handicrafts and told us what they learned about business. They said “We love to work on our handcrafts away from home so we can be together. Coming to PARSA gives us a place not to feel so alone in our work. Could you please provide a kindergarten teacher so our little children can learn while we focus on the work? Also we have weaving skills.  Can we weave here and can you find a market for our weaving?  We will fix our own lunch if we can have a little spot to do so.”  After we talked about the meeting, Yasin and I realized that we have created a self-organizing true cooperative by listening to the women of Bamiyan. And they are finding ways to support their families.  We have 160 women enrolled in the program, and are soon expanding to 250.  We are launching a campaign to meet their requests for 2015.  Our goal is $50,000 for the year.  This will also allow us to expand into remote villages, bringing women to PARSA twice a year to pick up work, meet with others and sell work which will provide over 25 families headed by women with a yearly income.  Oh!! They want a cow, too.  To learn how to sell dairy products.  If you are interested in supporting this enterprising group of Afghan women please contact Yasin at

Badakhshan – Our Program Plans


Many of you have been following our work in Badakhshan and are interested to know what our plans are for PARSA projects in the province. Badakhshan is one of the poorest regions of Afghanistan and has some of the most alarming statistics regarding issues like healthcare, education, women’s rights, a poor economy, and extremely high rates of of orphaned children or children abandoned by their families who are unable to care for them. Yet due to its remote location Badkahshan has largely remained out of the worst of the conflicts of the past thirty years, and its people remain open-minded and open to outside assistance.

kidsFor that reason we see Badakhshan as a province where we could be as successful as we have been in Bamiyan, where the situation is similar. Hence the programs that we are planning to establish in Badakhshan will take what we have learned in Bamiyan and follow our successes there.

Our first initiative will be to establish a Trade Afghan Women’s Center. This will serve two purposes: firstly, to establish economic opportunities for women artisans. Women from Faizabad and the participating villages will be transported in and out of our women’s center where they will receive training in regionally appropriate trades and learn basic business skills. We will train them in products that we will then purchase to sell nationally and internationally through our Trade Afghan product line. Secondly the women’s center will serve as an alternative to the national orphanage that will provide housing for the twenty or so girls who are unable to live in the orphanage due to lack of female staff and space.


Another focus for Badakhshan will be to continue to expand and improve our Scout program in the province, both by working with our current troop in the National Orphanage and by establishing a new girls troop, likely with the girls who will live in our women’s center. All our Scouts will be involved in our Voice of Afghan Youth programming. We have decided to focus our VoAY for Badakhshan on highlighting the world famous wildlife and nature of the province – from 7000m mountains to snow leopards, Marco Polo sheep and other rare creatures.

Lastly, we are working to ensure that the residents of Argo who suffered losses in the landslides of earlier this year are not forgotten. When we visited recently we were frustrated by the lack of progress and that the promises of government officials and those who handled the multi-million dollar donations have not been kept. We are following up with the situation and have already registered an official complaint with the government regarding this issue, and are looking to President Ghani who is working to improve Rule of Law to take a personal concern in this issue.

Everyone at PARSA loves Badakhshan province and we are very passionate about establishing PARSA projects there. Stay tuned to learn more about our progress, and help us by donating to our Badakhshan project through our Help Us page.

Giving Thanks for Afghanistan with Shamsa


SONY DSCYesterday we had another incredible Friday Brunch with the kids from Shamsa Village Orphanage. This time the event was themed “Giving Thanks for Afghanistan” and we had plenty of fun activities. There were Attan instructors who taught the kids the traditional Afghan dance, the kids helped us out by cutting out snowflakes and stars to use for decorating for our PARSA Winter Fest, and Mina asked the kids to draw what they love about Afghanistan – and got plenty of wonderful pictures. She said that “almost all the pictures had a school, books, and an Afghan flag” – the kids might be from difficult backgrounds, but they love their country and love being Afghan.mina drawing

In the end the kids told jokes, ran wild playing tag and chasing paper airplanes, and had an all-around great time. The Shamsa kids love their monthly getaways to PARSA – its a break from orphanage routine and a chance to just be fun-loving, average kids. And we absolutely love having them. Once again a big thank you to our donors who make days like yesterday possible. Enjoy the pictures!







A note on the importance of mutual understanding

Back in July PARSA was contacted by a unique Pittsburgh restaurant called Conflict Kitchen whose mandate is to serve food from countries that the U.S. is in conflict with. They serve food from the selected conflict country and set up informative, interactive activities that are designed to foster a mutual understanding between their diners and the residents of the country whose food CK is serving.

When Conflict Kitchen contacted us to see if we would be interested in helping them create an activity for kids, we loved their vision and were happy to participate. The result was a small booklet distributed to CK diners with short stories and anecdotes we recorded with kids from Shamsa Village Orphanage – check out our blog entry about it here.

Recently Conflict Kitchen came under criticism for their decision to highlight Afghanistan as a conflict country. In an opinion piece published in a local newspaper, a writer wrote that they felt CK was “promoting politics rather than dialogue” and that because the U.S. was not in direct conflict with the people of Afghanistan or the Afghan government, she felt that it “would be an insult to the thousands of Afghans and my own countrymen and women who have been lost in that conflict” to participate in CK’s Afghan program.

Conflict Kitchen wrote me and asked for our opinion on the controversy. My response is below:

In 2002 when the attack on the World Trade Center occurred, warfare changed for humanity on the global scale, and in particular for the citizens of Afghanistan. The war in Afghanistan is a national war against terrorists that are both Afghan and “outsiders” such as Al Qaeda.

As Ms. Murtazashvili stated, when the U.S. joined this war, we joined Afghan leaders and citizens who want a democratic system of governance. We went to war alongside the national Afghan government to fight against fundamentalists and terrorists.

Warfare against terrorism tears countries apart. As we can see in Syria and Iraq this is the unfortunate war of the future, and Afghanistan has been one of its most high-profile battlefields. Thus although the U.S. government is not in conflict with the majority of the Afghan people or with the Afghan government, it is in conflict with terrorists who operate on Afghan soil. Consequently many Americans see Afghanistan as a country that they are in conflict with.

The wars of the future – the war on terrorism at the forefront – are a global issue, and it is imperative that friendly countries begin to build mutual understanding between their citizens. Bringing the citizens of the world together in this way is how global terrorism will fail. Thus whether a U.S. conflict with the people or government of a foreign country is direct or perceived to be so by American citizens, projects that build this mutual understanding are invaluable. This is what makes the Conflict Kitchen vision so important for a future that sees the citizens of the world united in peace.

Buzkashi Day!

There is not much to say except *amazing*! For someone who loves horses, ancient traditions, full-contact sports and modern-day warriors, standing front row at a full throttle Afghan buzkashi match is literally a dream come true. The most incredible part is the horses – their power, size, and fierce grace. They know the game just as well as the “chopandoz” who ride them. They are bred across Central Asia – historically in Afghanistan but breeding programs here mostly disappeared during the wars, so most of the beautiful beasts we saw today come from Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. They are worth more than many European luxury cars – the best of them selling for $60-100,000 dollars. They are owned by the rich-of-the-rich Afghan elite – high government officials, top businessmen, warlords – who then nominate their horse’s rider (“chopandoz” in Dari) much like Nascar drivers get sponsored by whoever pays for the car they drive. The chopandoz are incredible athletes, and practically become one with the horse they ride.

As to the rules of the game, as a first-time viewer, it didn’t seem apparent to me that there are any. I used to describe buzkashi as some sort of full-contact gruesome version of polo, but now realize it is far from that, and far more confusing. There are, however, objectives that are apparent. Basically the object of the game is the “boz” which is the dead, gutted carcass of a goat or calf, which is placed at one end of the giant, sandy arena. Nearby there is a 2m meter circle dug into the sand and highlighted with chalk, and on the complete opposite side of the arena is a bright green flag. To score a point, a player has to pick up the boz and carry it all the way around the flag pole on the other side of the arena then back to the white circle and drop it inside. Seems straight forward enough.

buzkashi rumble

Well its not. First of all, reaching down to pick up a very heavy dead carcass from the back of a giant horse is a feat in itself. Add to that having 30 other giant horses kicking and stomping on you and your horse, plus other warrior-men also trying to grab the carcass (and you), or just beating you out of the way with their thick leather horse whips, and that alone would be quite a show. But then you have to somehow attach the carcass to yourself (by wrapping your leg around it) and gallop around a huge arena at full speed with all the other giants in pursuit. And dropping the carcass into the chalk “goal” isn’t easy either. As to rules, as I said, anything goes. The riders are constantly hitting each other, the horses kicking whoever they feel like, and if anyone falls off and gets trampled the game doesn’t even stop – they just pull him off to the side and everyone keeps riding. As far as teams go, there are possibly loose “alliances” that exist under the surface, but to an untrained onlooker it’s just a free-for-all. Whenever someone scores they ride their horse over to the announcer who ties a pretty red ribbon on the horse’s halter and presumably givers the chopandoz some amount of prize money. And that’s it. This goes on for several hours, and at some point simply ends.

The whole thing is quite violent, with chopandoz and horses both bloody by the end – and today’s match was apparently just a second day warmup during a ten day tournament. To me, buzkashi is the closest thing to medieval warfare that still exists in the world, minus the swords and chain mail. I imagine that all the pre-gun battles in Afghanistan – those fought against the invading armies of everyone from Alexander the Great to Genghis Khan and Timur – looked something like the heart of modern day buzkashi rumble. Swords might be lacking, but the fervor is still there.

Buzkashi might not be for everyone, but it is worth seeing to remember what battles used to be like, and for experiencing Afghan tradition up close. The very best part of all of it is feeling the energy of the crowd, loud and proud, cheering on their chosen chopandoz champion, laughing and having a generally wonderful time. In the West we take big sporting events for granted – from junior-high onwards every one of us has the opportunity to attend something of the sort. But in a country still pulling itself out of thirty years of war and trying to reclaim its traditions and heritage, a buzkashi match is a rare opportunity where even the poorest of the poor can show up and have a great time (although it is unfortunately generally male-only attendance). Whether Afghans decide to keep buzkashi as is, warlike and raw, or turn it into a more “modern” sport that could one day become international is up to them (I personally love it as is!) – but the point is that it is a vehicle to bring people together in a positive way. And how exciting it is!

– Alyssa




buzkashi run

Road to Shiva, and Yaks

Somewhere in the course of our Badakhshan trip our team decided that we need to add yaks to our PARSA Farm. So this morning Yasin, Habib and I started our day bright and early and headed to the livestock market to search for baby “khashgaows”. We didn’t find what we were looking for so Reese and our new driver, Noorullah, joined our team and we headed towards the mountains, with Lake Shiva as our goal, in the hope of finding yak herders on route.

Our “pair of Laughmanis” drivers – Habib and Noorullah.

The road was beautiful, following a river beneath snow-capped mountains lined by trees with autumn leaves of reds and oranges shining underneath a bright blue sky. Our search for yaks was quickly answered when we saw a group of the giant hairy beasts being herded up the road. We jumped out of the van to admire their greatness and for Yasin to negotiate with the owner. The outcome, although no promises yet, is that we will one day soon have a pair of adorable baby yaks roaming around our PARSA gardens.


We continued on from yak-bargaining and followed the road towards Shiva Lake, a crystalline high-alpine lake that we thought would make a good setting for a Voice of Afghan Youth trip. Along the road we came upon a pair of locals leading a trio of gorgeous, full-sized, hot-blooded Kyrgyz buzkashi horses. Again we all jumped out of the car to admire their beauty and for Yasin to ask for prices. When the rider told him 60,000, we initially thought he was talking in afghanis and were already pulling out our wallets – after all 60,000 afs is what Yasin had paid for the horses who are now living on our PARSA Farm and getting such a beautiful animal for the same price was clearly an unmissable deal. However we soon realized our mistake when the rider clarified that the horse’s value was actually 60,000 dollars and all three of them were owned by a rich official who was not looking forward to giving up his prestigious animals. They were on their way to Faizabad to take part in a 10 day Buzkashi that started this afternoon (check back in with our blog tomorrow to learn more about buzkashi – we’ll be taking our Voice of Afghan Youth kids to the event).

The horses’ high prices didn’t stop us from dreaming about owning one, or from getting in a quick gallop up and down the mountain road on one of the large chestnut stallions. As a fairly experienced rider I can honestly say I have never ridden something with so much powerful grace anywhere in the world. Central Asia – from Afghanistan to Kazakhstan – is still the world’s heart when it comes to beautiful horses.

We continued onwards but soon realized that after three hours of driving Lake Shiva was still at least five hours away, so there was no way we could make it there and back to Faizabad before nightfall. We reluctantly turned around, with Reese and I having to shelve our competitive plans to experience a November swim in a glacial lake. All in all, the day was a success. We learned about tomorrow’s buzkashi which will be a perfect setting for our VOAY outing, we tentatively ordered baby yaks for our PARSA Farm, and Yasin set a new dream for himself – owning a buzkashi horse.

Livestock market, early in the morning

Yasin bargaining with the yak herders

Yasin bargaining with the yak herders

The gorgeous horses of Badakhshan.

Riding beautiful horses in front of beautiful mountains.

Returning to Argo


In May of this year our PARSA team traveled to Ab Barak in Argo District of Badakhshan province in response to the landslide disaster that buried parts of three villages and killed hundreds of people. Usually PARSA does not partake in emergency relief, but in this case we received specific requests for psychosocial care, particularly for the children orphaned by the landslide. Our team – Yasin, Norm, Reese, and myself – made the fourteen-hour trip and found the situation in chaos. The problem was not too little help, it was too much.

The “Argo Landslide” media hype – with its exaggerated death toll of 3000 people and hundreds of homes destroyed – had gained so much international attention that every aid organization, plus government officials, individual do-gooders, and of course vote-seeking representatives of the dueling Ghani-Abdullah election standoff, had showed up to offer help (and benefit from the media attention). The provincial government received more aid money in a few weeks than it had in total in the last decade. People were handing out all sorts of short term aid packages – from bags of rice to winter clothes, meals paid for by then-presidential-candidate Abdullah were being cooked in large pots and handed out to dueling villagers among the flash of media cameras, tents were set up for the village children to get some normalcy and not miss out on school, there were even individuals handing out 500afs (10 USD) bank notes to mobbing crowds that then needed to be dispersed by firing warning shots with AK47s.

As far as we found, the psychosocial needs of the most vulnerable of the population were being taken care of at the time, the orphaned children had been absorbed into the homes of the survivors, and the immediate needs of the people were being met. Everyone was throwing around long-term promises of relocating and rebuilding the village, and of taking preventative measures to relocate homes in line of future landslides. We decided we would come back after the hype died down and see what promises had been kept.

Back to Argo

Our PARSA team is now back in Badakhshan making long term plans for our programs here. We are checking in with our Scout Troop in the Faizabad government-run orphanage and making adjustments so that the Scouts here will be more effective, plus taking notes on how the orphanage needs to be improved to meet government standards. Dawn is investigating potential women’s products for our Trade Afghan program. We are all looking for stories unique to Badakhshan for Voice of Afghan Youth. And today our Argo team headed back to Ab Barak to check on the village and see if the promises had been kept.

Delivered bricks, just sitting in the snow

The answer is a big no. The principal change we saw is that some loads of bricks have been delivered, supposedly to the area where the villages are meant to be relocated to, and a few house foundations have been built. Almost all the UNHCR tents are gone, the villagers say no media or trucks full of handouts have shown up in months, and signs of the millions of dollars that the Badakhshan government received for rebuilding are nowhere to be found. Not to mention that the disaster early in the year meant that the farmers were not able to produce their regular stores of crops and firewood, leaving the entire village in short supply for the coming winter.

With only one dump truck and a handful of workers, progress on rebuilding homes in somewhere between slow and non-existent.

Whereas on our last visit the villagers seemed tired of outsiders’ intrusions, this time they were extremely welcoming. They told us they had not had anyone check progress for months, and although they were aware of the government’s promises and money allocated to helping them, their district representatives all live in Kabul and have done nothing to demand their rights. They thanked us repeatedly for coming, offered us tea and lunch, and asked us to help them find ways to build the promised houses and bring in firewood before the freezing winter sets in completely.

What we have garnered from today is that there are two things PARSA can do to intervene in Argo. The first is to find the organizations and government officials who made promises to rebuild and help the villagers get through their first post-disaster winter and hold them responsible; the second is to launch a long term economic program for the region that will give the people a new skill and will have the potential to reduce the poverty of the village in the long run. In the coming days we will be contacting other organizations that operate in the region to see how we can best approach these two objectives. The situation in Argo is just as heartbreaking today as it was back in May, and PARSA is renewing our commitment to assisting the people there.

– Alyssa

Check out our Argo Relief Blogs from our first trip to Ab Barak here:

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Getting Excited for the Holidays with our PARSA Cows

At PARSA we have decided that the last months of the year are for mixing and matching traditions from Afghanistan and abroad for a Make-Your-Own-Holiday celebration. Today we decorated one of the trees in front of our offices with ornaments made by the women in Palwasha’s economic programs, including intricately beaded bananas, camels, strawberries and donkeys. Our newest baby calf on the PARSA farm, plus Kaka Daoud, joined us for pictures, and we had a great afternoon – we have fun at PARSA!!



Shamsa Halloween Brunch


On Friday, October 31t the kids from Shamsa Village Orphanage travelled to PARSA to join us for brunch and all sorts of fun Halloween activities. Pumpkin carving was a favorite (especially wearing the pumpkins as upside down helmets), plus mask making, pin-the-tail on the donkey, eating doughnuts from a string, sports and more. The Kabul community responded to our request to fund this great event and it was a huge success. Enjoy the photos and our video slideshow below!




Opening Ceremony Scout Volunteer Society

This past Sunday, September 21, the official Opening Ceremony of the Afghan Scout Volunteers Society was held at PARSA’s main offices in Marastoon. The ceremony was attended by volunteer Scout leaders from several provinces, as well as two members of parliament who are supporters of the Scouts: Baktash Seyawash and Dr. Ramazan Bashardost.

It was a great afternoon and an important step forward on the road to expanding the Afghan Scouts into a nationwide successful program. PARSA’s Executive Director Marnie Gustavson handed over the society’s official registration with the Ministry of Justice to the Chief of the Volunteer Society, Sayeed Hussain Agha.

It was a great afternoon and the entire PARSA family is proud of this important step taken by our Afghan Scout leadership.

Visit the Afghan Scouts’ Website to learn more about Scouting in Afghanistan.

Turkey International Scout Camp

The Afghan Scouts are proud to announce that our trip this past month to Istanbul for the Turkey International Scout Camp was a success. The event was hosted by the Scouting and Guiding Federation of Turkey and sanctioned by the World Organization of the Scouting Movement, and hosted Scouts from eight countries including Georgia, Libya, Palestine, Morocco and Turkmenistan.

We sent three members of our Afghan Scout leadership team to the event with the goal of linking the Afghan Scouts with their Turkish counterparts and paving the way to sending a group of Cub Scouts to the event in future years, and also to invite Turkish troops to Afghanistan. Jawad – who attended the event on behalf of the Afghan Scouts, was able to establish a good relationship with Mr. Hassan Subashi, the Turkish Chief of Federation, and reported that “he is very interested in the Afghan Scouts and learning more about Afghanistan and our Scouting system, and is ready to come to Kabul whenever we invite him.”

Our three representatives also participated in the event’s Culture Day, where they sparked interest in fellow participants by showcasing Afghanistan’s beautiful traditional clothing and delicious selection of local dried fruits. The event was overall a great success and the Afghan Scouts are looking forward to participating in more WOSM events in the future.

Congratulations to Pen Farthing


All of us at PARSA are proud to announce that Nowzad’s founder, Pen Farthing, has been announced as a 2014 CNN Hero. Nowzad is an animal-rescue organization based in Kabul that helps soldiers who have bonded with dogs and cats while on tour reconnect with their adopted pets in their home country – so far Nowzad has helped 700 soldiers. Nowzad also works to promote animal welfare in Afghanistan and runs a “trap, neuter, vaccine, and release” program to help control the city’s massive population of stray animals, and also help combat rabies.

PARSA has a special connection to Nowzad as they first began operations in Kabul at the PARSA compound in Marastoon. Pen, Louise Hastie – who manages the Kabul kennels, and all of Nowzad’s Afghan staff are dear friends of all of us at PARSA. They have helped many of us take care of the four-legged friends that we have adopted here in Afghanistan and help keep us sane.

To learn more about Nowzad visit their website or check out Pen’s latest book about his work, called “Wylie: The Dog That Never Gave Up”. Congratulations Pen for being named a CNN hero – a well-deserved honor indeed.

Conflict Kitchen Interviews at Shamsa

A few months ago PARSA was contacted by a restaurant in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania called Conflict Kitchen. The restaurant follows a unique concept: they only serve food from countries that the US is in conflict with, and they do their best to educate their customers about an aspect of each country that they would not normally see in US media.

For Afghanistan, Conflict Kitchen decided that they wanted to share stories from the point of view of Afghan children. And not stories related to war and conflict, just stories that tell about the everyday lives of the children and how they see the world. PARSA was contacted because of the work we do with children – both through the Afghan Scouts and through our orphanage work – and Yasin and Alyssa agreed to conduct interviews with children from Shamsa Village Orphanage.

It was quite a fun experience for everyone involved – the list of questions that Conflict Kitchen suggested we ask were very unconventional and the kids giggled away as we asked them things like “if you were an animal, which animal would you be and why?” or “if you were president, what would you do for Afghanistan?”

Conflict Kitchen recently finished compiling stories from children and published a small booklet of the kids’ stories that is now available at their restaurant. We hope that their customers will appreciate the stories from the Shamsa kids – we certainly enjoyed them!

Download the Booklet Here or visit the booklet’s page on the Conflict Kitchen Website.

We would also like to give a special thank you to all the kids at Shamsa Village who offered to be part of the interviews: Qadrat, Qasim, Bashir, Hekmattulah, Aisha, Fatima, Feroza, and Farima. Thanks!

Working in PARSA’s Gardens

Enjoy these pictures of our women’s agriculture training program at the PARSA gardens in Marastoon. The women – most of whom are from our ambitious group based in Dast-i-Barchi – have been practicing their agricultural skills and have used the land at PARSA to plant tomatoes, eggplants, zucchini and more. They also tend to our orchard of fresh apricot trees. The women get to bring home or sell the majority of their crop, and the Afghan Garden Kitchen purchases some of the fresh produce for use in our popular Friday Brunch in Marastoon. It’s a great program and adds to the wonderful atmosphere at our offices.


PARSA FARM: Letter to Donors

This short email was written by Marnie to the initial donors of the PARSA Farm – The Linda Norgrove Foundation with support from Dr. Sophia Wilcox. It dates back to last fall, just before the farm went through its first winter. It is amazing how much of a success the farm has become, and how much life it has given to PARSA. Read on!!

For those of you who have not visited PARSA, we are lucky to have our offices located at Marastoon, a twenty acre spread on the outskirts of Kabul with fruit orchards and tree lined lanes and a considerable amount of land available for agricultural programs. Over the years, as we expand our programs to meet the needs of poor communities we have worked to use the land for the benefit of poor women in the local community.

Osman and his chickensThis year, thanks to a donation from the Linda Norgrove Foundation and support from Dr. Sophia Wilcox, Yasin, our country director has started a small farm animal project with 10 local women.  It was a happy day when we bought our first milking cow and our chicks for our poultry program.  10 women from the surrounding area, now tend four cows and the chickens taking home milk and eggs to sell to their neighbors earning badly needed cash for their destitute families.  It has brought changes to our compound, and many a Friday (our day off) comes when I hear early in the morning,  a lowing cow waiting to be milked.  I text message Yasin “The cows are yelling!  Who is milking them today?” and he responds “Me!  I am on my way!”

 What I did not expect from this project was the excitement that our farm animal program would generate in our staff. I have learned that Afghan’s really like farms and love enterprises.  They are a culture of merchants, which is why so many economic programs now are focusing on supporting the development of micro-enterprises. Now, in the afternoon, it is typical to see many staff go home with their bottle of fresh milk or eggs that they have purchased from the women.  Yasin even found five chickens in a poor neighbor’s house that were not being fed, because they did not have the money.  He bought them and brought them to our chicken coop, and put his son, Osman in charge of caring for them- our first “rescue chickens”.  They are now benefitting from a soy feed mixture of feed, that we learned about through our soy flour distribution project and they are laying eggs to Osman’s delight.  Yasin is preparing to teach children in our programs how to care for small poultry coops.

The nights are getting cold and I fully expect to see the cows sporting colorful winter blankets, typical of Afghan farmer’s who value their animals.  Plans for next year include expanding into beekeeping in a four-acre field. Next week, Dr. Sophie is helping us buy two sheep and then we will have a full training program for our local women.  You might ask how this program works in an urban city like Kabul of five million residents?  You would be amazed at how many back yard farm animals there are in the city as well as herds of goats and sheep roaming the streets eating from garbage heaps. Healthy animals like a cow can augment a family income up to $60 a month, which is a lot money for many families who try to scrape by on $40 a month through wages.  Congratulations to Yasin and our program staff who have developed a very relevant program, using our donation investment well.  As the program grows it will sustain itself through the income generated from our small farm products as well as support the community women as they earn money from their work on the farm.  Big thank you to our donors!

PARSA Farm: Horses!!

All of us at PARSA, especially Yasin and myself, are very, very excited to announce the arrival of our two long-awaited beautiful young stallions. They came all the way from Tahar in the north of Afghanistan, and there were many difficulties with their trip and arrival to PARSA. Yasin and I had specified that we would like large, healthy horses at an age ready to be ridden, but both of them seemed quite sick when they arrived, and one of them is only 1 year old – 2-3 years too young to ride. We were frustrated at first and worried about the health of them both, not to mention that the younger chestnut was extremely skittish and scared of people. We felt very bad for both of them and have quickly come to love them and are very committed to ensuring that they have a good life here at PARSA.

– Alyssa

We have not yet given them names, so if you have any suggestions email and we will pick our favorites from our PARSA family’s suggestions. Looking forward to hearing from you!!

Mary MacMakin Traveling in Bamiyan

This is a trip report written by PARSA’s founder, Mary MacMakin, who now runs another organization, Afzenda. She went to Bamiyan province to do a survey on the production of cashmere and barak fabric. Even though she is 86 years old she is still going stronger than many of us!

See the original report here: Mary McMakin Cashmere and Barak Survery Report

Greetings from Bamiyan! I slept the better part of two days after returning from the survey and am now ready to tell you all the news. Taher has got the electricity going again in the house where I am staying – it’s city power in the morning and power from a private company in the evening so it’s good until 10 pm and by then the computer’s storage should be full and good for another three hours or so. Any of the items you want more details on, please let me know.

Frutan Sahib and I started from his home in Dehane Qalacha, Gandab Valley, Panjab district, on Sunday, 1 June.

We took the most direct route to Waras (do you have your map handy?) and passed through a wide valley with all the trees, bushes and fields dressed in the fresh new greens of Spring. By chance we passed a qila next to which half a dozen women were on a flat smooth place in the process of making a felt rug so we stopped for pictures. It was a women’s enterprise and they were happy to have an audience and be photoed. The women were sitting around chatting while one laid down the tufts of charcoal-black wool on a rectangular form for a medium-sized rug. The woman placing the wool showed how each handful of wool was passed through the stationary comb several times before being placed in even rows on the form on the ground. Their home could have been made for tourists, very beautiful farm country, and nearby a pair of unusual stone spires rising from reddish rocks named The Two Brothers.

The consensus of opinion in Panjab and Bamiyan was that Waras was the center and main producer of barak fabric. While searching in a shop in the Bamiyan bazaar for buttons for some clothing I was making I did a double-take for the shop-keeper had on a handsome vest made unmistakably from barak with a subtle design from different natural fibers! He had paid $100 for it. I visited the two main handicraft stores in the Bamiyan bazaar and was shown lengths of barak fabric and an overcoat made from barak with a red line making a distinctive pattern with the several natural colored fibers used in the weave. It cost $300.

In Waras we first visited the district governor at his office on the hill above the town. He was agreeable to our project and introduced us to the head of the Women’s Directorate who happened to be sitting in his office also. Because of her capacity to be in touch with Waras women we had our first interview session that very afternoon in the apartment where we were staying. The owner of the apt, Dr Nejati, was very helpful. When Frutan Sahib explained that we were after barak and cashmere he knew of a shop in Waras selling the combs used to gather the cashmere from molting goats. We bought ten of them, one kind small and the other looking more like a small version of a garden rake. The main dry goods store in Waras had a display of about ten lengths of barak made locally. They ranged from five to eight meters in length and cost $30 to $40 a meter. There was no bargaining! They were mainly brown in color, with several shades used to make attractive subtle stripes and the only commercial dye was red which was incorporated into some of the fabrics.

The next morning our driver took us to Haft Kudi (Seven Homes), a small village set into a steep hillside where weaving was taking place. My assumptions were shattered! I had assumed all barak was made as I had seen in Panjab ten years earlier by male weavers using an upright loom. Here in Haft Kudi the weavers were all women and the one ground loom was used in turn by all the weavers. The flat space for the loom had to be carved out of the steep hillside – flat spaces were at a premium so everyone shared the one loom. Close to a dozen women were involved in the set-up of the loom and in hand-spinning of the several kilograms of warp and weft yarn needed to produce five to eight meters barak fabric; several women worked together to stretch the warp threads between the two stationary posts. The husbands, brothers and fathers were the “molidars” – the technicians who rolled, agitated and kneaded the fabric with boiling water poured over it to shrink it down to its dense, wind-proof thickness after it was removed from the loom. It seemed to be a fine example of community effort aimed at income generation for everybody. The women reported that they received an average of 1500 Afs ($26) a meter for their product. There was no bargaining when I offered to buy a length.

The next day was a long drive from Waras southwest to Qonoq Pass separating Bamiyan and Daikundi provinces. The road was about the worst I have ever been on with large stones embedded in the dirt in addition to the usual ruts and holes so I was jolted and tossed non-stop; our minibus was stuck twice in the rushing stream and had to be towed out by helpful travelers – the second deep enough so that water came into the car and our bags of clothing got wet. We laid the soaked items out on the grass and they dried fast in the hot sunshine.

The positive side is that about twenty or more road crews were working on this section of the road, all the way to Sharistan’s district headquarters. After the dramatic views from Qonoq Pass, now in Daikundi, we bumped our way down to Jaus in Sharistan district where we had lunch at a hotel perched on the top of the steep ridge with the rest of the shops and motor repair workshops balanced in a double row. On to Chaprasac and then through a landscape of strange stone statues weathered by wind and rain into weird organic-looking shapes. I asked a young man we picked up what the local people said about this natural art display and he said no notice was taken of them at all! Frutan had called ahead to set a time for a visit with the district head of Sharistan. After tea with this hospitable man I checked a couple of shops in the bazaar for lambs wool and cashmere as a friend in Bamiyan needed some for a knitting training course. There was none, altho one shopkeeper said he could bring some the next day if I were going to be there. I told him no, for we were heading off for goat country in southwest Sharistan district.

Thanks to Frutan’s huge extended family and knowledge of the area – his mother was born and raised here – we stayed the night at private homes. He called ahead to announce our arrival and to make arrangements for the interview- meetings. The narrow road from Sharistan bazaar, cut out of the mountainsides high above the stream’s gorge was the best yet, smooth, no stones or ruts. The first stop was Ghosur where many women and men had gathered to see what kind of help we had to offer. This was our third group of women to interview and it went well due to earlier practice. Afterwards Frutan Sahib distributed a Hoopoe child’s book of folk tales by Idries Shah to each woman, to be read by her child. We spent the night at the home of one of Frutan Sahib’s many cousins and the next day drove down to the bottom part of this broad valley ringed by mountains and part of the great Helmand watershed. We were told that there were 5000 goats in the upper part and 8000 owned in the lower part and our news of cashmere was the first they had heard about its value in the marketplace. We handed out most of our combs and said we would be back to collect the cashmere, called “ileech” in this area, in two or three months.

With a day’s detour to the west to open a small private library in another hillside village – we made our way back to Bamiyan with two nights in Gandab. In Bamiyan I got to the bank in time to get the rest of our cash and then to my room where Zahra, with her husband Taher, runs the Parsa Gift Shop and local women bring her their embroideries to sell. Knowing of our survey for barak and cashmere she took me to the Dohati Valley, north of the main road where many poor women eke out a livelihood with a cow or a couple of goats.

There I interviewed a group of these women who did know about cashmere, had the combs but only one had sold 100 grams of the cleaned cashmere for a thousand Afs – about $20 – to an NGO sponsored by the Department of Agriculture in Bamiyan. This was the same rate Abdul Basir Hotak, owner of the Herat wool and skin company, paid the women there for their cleaned cashmere in 2012. I got to the bank in time, paid off our young but very capable driver, owner of the minibus that took us safely on the………kilometer trip. Panjab is still to be assessed for barak and I would like to see the state of cashmere affairs in Badakshan where Hotak with USAID help has set up another cashmere cleaning and buying center for goat owners in the northeast of Afghanistan. Other groups are getting interested in the income generation ability of barak. HELP, a German NGO with a big training center in Bamiyan center, has a class for making barak. They have one other office in Afghanistan, in Herat, wisely choosing needy areas instead of Kabul. PARSA’s head, Marnie Gustavson, wants to investigate local fabrics including barak. I told her I’d give her a copy of this report and your addresses so she can talk directly to you. Zarif Designs, a sewing workshop with international clientele, has recently made a vest from barak for a customer. Friday, 20 June 2014 Facts and Figures Barak: As we drove south people told us that Waras was the center of barak production. The main village engaged in making barak was Haft Kudi – Seven Homes- named by the grandfather who chose the site on a steep hillside where water was available. It’s about a 25 minute drive from Waras on the main road to Daikundi. We have not come across any other village so engaged so our informants were right on track. A year and a half ago, the last time I was in Bamiyan, I checked the local handicraft stores and found one very strange length of barak half of whose warp threads were loose resulting in a half flat and half wavy piece of fabric. This time I visited the same handicraft stores and found several very nice lengths of barak, warp-faced, patterned with different shades of natural brown in the warp threads and some incorporating a red thread in the warp. And finding a storekeeper wearing a vest of barak, mentioned above, was quite exciting. The overcoat at the first shop had a theatrical looked, like a coachman’s overcoat from the 18th century, with woven tape decorating the pockets. At $300 for the coat and $100 for a vest the economy of Bamiyan appears to be thriving. All of the 20 women interviewed at Haft Kudi were weavers and all helped each other with the task of spinning enough wool yarn to warp and then to weave 5 to 8 meters of fabric. The men were the “molidars” although women could also do this vigorous work of kneading the fabric which has been saturated with boiling water. The photo in Nancy Dupree’s guide book shows a man standing on the fabric which is stretched over a large flat stone and working it with his bare feet. I could imagine a washing machine doing this work just as well – if one could be found big enough to contain all eight meters of wool fabric, 90 centimeter wide at the beginning of the shrinking process. Of the total 109 women interviewed 14 out of 17 in Waras Markaz (Center) said they knew how to make barak; 20 out of 20 in Haft Kudi, 2 out of 25 in Ghosur, 18 out of 32 in Waras Sufla and 1 out of 15 in the Dohati valley in Bamiyan. Another nice surprise was that Felicitas Steinhoff, Country Director of the Bamiyan office of HELP, a German INGO, has a class of students in her vocationaql training center learning how to make barak. I did not have time to visit the class but plan to on my return to Bamiyan in a month. Cashmere (kurk, ileech): With cashmere production the story is quite different: cashmere production has not caught on at all in the areas surveyed. For one, the financial rewards are not as clear as with barak, and no market seems to have developed for it in spite of USAID and the Ministry of Agriculture putting on a country-wide campaign aimed at goat owners three years ago to take advantage of the potential income from their goats’ annual molting of their winter undercoats. During the

interview of 32 women in Lower Warase only one woman said she gathered cashmere and used it with wool for weaving. After the meeting we left the mosque and met outside a young woman who had a large plastic bagful of cashmere: she had not been present at the interviewing.

In the Dohati valley in Bamiyan Center we interviewed 15 women living on the edge of poverty. One woman had a supply of combs from the earlier campaign and had harvested about two kilos of very hairy cashmere. The cleaning of the hairs from the cashmere is time-consuming and not worth the effort unless the women know that they have a market for it. One woman they knew had sold 100 grams of cashmere for $20 to a NGO related to the Directorate of Agriculture in Bamiyan. (The “directorates” in the provincial governments carry out the policies of the ministries in the central government in Kabul).

Herati businessman Abdul Basir Hotak has been working towards increased cashmere harvesting to feed his wool and skin factory in Herat. He has been promoting this product with the help of USAID who sponsored his entry in the annual FiberExpo in New York City in July, 2011, which I attended. The Chinese and Mongols lead the world in cashmere production, with Afghanistan trailing behind: Hotak is determined to beat Mongolia and maybe he will now that he has all the technical help he needs, including a second factory in Badakshan to handle cashmere production by Badakshi maldars (herders). Cashmere yarn has been at $80 a kilogram on the internet market. The disconnect between $20 for 100 grams and $80 for a kilo is confusing – how does that work out in reality?

This is the end of the preliminary report and I know you will have questions. My apartment-mate, Rona, a dressmaker at Zarif Designs, got me a snippet of barak from a vest they made recently. One of the lighter-colored stripes looks like it has a twill design but I don’t know how the weaver could do that, do you? Our silk weaver/producer, Md Saleh, dropped by this afternoon and I showed him the pictures of the barak weavers and he was very interested as he is working on a loom for fibers other than silk. We were both visualizing a line of three or four upright looms in place of the one ground loom, allowing more women to weave at the same time instead of having to wait her turn at the one ground loom. I would hope that would bring the cost per meter down to a more affordable price.

Other survey results: Namads: 61 out of the 109 women surveyed know how to make namads. Crut: 78 out of the 109 women know how to make crut.

The desire for more learning was virtually unanimous. Only three of the 109 women did not tick off all three of the course options: theory courses, practical courses – especially sewing – and literacy courses. The enthusiasm for courses was very high.

I will find a way to get the barak sample to you, Phil. Please send me your postal address and the sample will be sent in the USA to you direct.

Sincerely presented, Mary MacMakin

Afghanistan’s Elections, Round 2

The second round of Afghanistan’s 2014 presidential elections yesterday were a success. 7 million people showed up to vote – that is approximately 60 percent of the eligible voters in Afghanistan, similar number to what we saw in the first round. Despite the success of the day, it did not go off without glitches. There were skirmishes around the country, and sadly a close relative of our Scout Director, Tamim Hamkar, was killed by Taliban related violence in Lowgar Province. We offer deepest condolences to him and his family.

Living in Afghanistan during this difficult and unpredictable time we are all affected by the violence and the risks of everyday life. However we at PARSA are proud to be part of such an important time in Afghanistan. The truth is that our national staff and Afghans in general are optimistic that this election represents a turning point for them and the politics of their country, and we are sharing in their optimism. Soon the country’s next president will be announced, and the next stage of Afghan history will begin.

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PARSA Farm: Early AM Cow Milking

Great shot

SakinaEvery morning Sakina or one of the other women in our PARSA Farm program heads over to our cow pens early in the morning to milk the three milking cows we currently have. The process takes about an hour and results in a bucket of the freshest, most healthy organic milk in the city. We bottle it in 1.5L bottles and sell it for 100 afs (approximately 2 USD) per bottle – cheaper than the UHT filled milk sold in Kabul’s grocery stores. Our 3 cows are currently producing enough milk for about 8-12 bottles daily – and PARSA staff love the creamy, fresh milk so much that we usually buy it all out before it even reaches the bazaar!

Mom cleaning Elvis

Our PARSA Farm is a “Learn and Earn” program that allows women to learn a new valuable skill while earning a small income that comes from the returns of the farm. Our PARSA Farm currently employs 10 women who will take the agriculture skills they are acquiring back to their homes and subsequently start their own small farms in the coming years.

Based on the success of our small farm and the overwhelming demand for fresh milk and milk products, “watani” (Afghan organic) eggs, and fresh vegetables, we are planning to expand our farm into a business that will help sustain PARSA in the future, allowing us to fund some of our own programs and be less reliant on external funding sources. Large scale funding sources in Afghanistan are becoming less reliable as international attention wanes, and our farm is one example of how we are responding to this challenge and working to plan a sustainable future for PARSA and our programs.

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Alyssa Learning

Learning to milk a cow – it’s not as easy as it looks!

PARSA Farm: Our New Baby Cow!!


Welcome to PARSA, Elvis!!

Our new “chucha gaw” (baby cow) has finally been born. Isn’t he adorable!? These pictures are from the morning after he was born, he is already walking strong. Everyone is very happy to welcome him, and Yasin decided to give him the name Elvis – and he is already stealing our hearts, just like his namesake. Welcome to the family, Elvis!

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Our Friday Brunch crew came to say hi to Elvis – no one could help but smile

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Creating PARSA Fashion

Fashion DawnFor anyone who has checked out our PARSA Online Catalog, you’ll already know that we make plenty of beautiful and colorful clothing and other items. Nevertheless, we are trying to diversify our products and come up with new styles, both local and foreign, to expand our customer base. Our wonderful tailors are on-board with our ideas and yesterday we had our first Fashion Creation Meeting to brainstorm and dream up new designs. Dawn headed the meeting, entertaining all of us by donning a variety of outrageous outfits to demonstrate how fashion changes for different occasions and for different people – I think all the tailors caught on!

If anyone has fashion suggestions for us, Contact Us or send pictures to The more great designs we come up with, the more our customer base will grow, and the more women-tailors we will be able to support in our Women’s Economic Programs. So help us get some ideas going!

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Argo Relief: Debrief and Planning


We’ve just sat down with Marnie, PARSA’s executive director, for our post-Badakhshan debrief. Needless to say we were each deeply saddened by the degree of human suffering that we encountered in Argo, and we were eager to begin discussing what our plan of action would be. We have come to realize that the situation we are dealing with in Argo is a very multifaceted, complex issue, and we are aware that we need to be very careful in how we proceed. Badakhshan is an extremely impoverished part of the world and the people of the province have long been in dire need of aid. Now, with the help of the international media, the world has taken notice and is showering the provincial government with more support than they have seen in 30 years. However, this does NOT mean the problems are solved. Far from it.

The funding that is being received needs to be used very carefully and be distributed in the most effective way possible – both locally in Argo and provincially in other needy districts. It is far too often the case that when large amounts of donations flood to an emergency relief cause the victims are provided for on a short term basis, but the assistance inevitably runs out in the long run (i.e. before any lasting changes can be made). The people of Argo will be given food, temporary shelter, maybe new land and a house – however this is not enough to get a family back on their feet. This is why PARSA has decided to gear our commitment to Argo and Badakhshan to the long run.

PARSA’s Healthy Afghan Community Programs

Village lostPARSA’s motto is Building Healthy Afghan Communities. All of our programs are centered on this concept under our Healthy Afghan Community Program. When we enter a new community we identify what would be required to help that community become healthy, successful, and self-sufficient, and we work with its members to define and work towards their goals. We treat each community as unique and work with them on a case-by-case basis so that no two programs are alike; each one is designed to target the specific needs of a specific community.

In Argo we have determined that due to the turmoil that the community finds itself in, we need to take our approach one step farther and tailor our programs on a family-by-family basis, or even on an individual basis. In a disaster situation the economic and psychological states of those affected are far too varied to apply a one-program-fits-all approach.

Thus, with adequate funding, PARSA plans to establish a regional office in Faizabad and launch our Healthy Afghan Community Program in Badakhshan, with Argo being the first community we focus on. We will invite families or individuals to apply to work with us on a long-term basis of 2-5 years. Our donors will be invited to sponsor an individual or a family as they start on a path to a healthier future. Our goals are to ensure that adequate psychosocial support is provided, children are able to attend schools, and there are reliable economic opportunities. This is in addition to filling the basic needs of food and shelter that the government and larger organizations have promised.

The clearest deduction that we made while in Badakhshan was that meaningful support for the victims of the Argo landslide, as well as all the other vulnerable citizens of Badakhshan, will not be a short-term commitment. If we want to help build healthy Afghan communities and individuals, we need to be committed for the long-term.

Please consider donating to help us fund our Healthy Afghan Community Program in Badakhshan.

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Below is a slideshow compiled by Reese showing the key moments of our Argo Trip:







Full 360* view of the Argo Landslide

Scout Master Training 2014

Scout Masters

Today PARSA’s Afghan Scouts welcomed future Scout Masters from across Afghanistan to our Scouting grounds in Marastoon for our 2014 Scout Master Training Opening Ceremony. We are honored to host WOSM representatives Thian Hiong Boon of Malaysia and Chinnaswamy Reddy from India for this weeklong event that will see over 40 volunteers from 8 provinces graduate to the rank of Scout Master. They will then return to their home districts and establish their own Scout Troops, giving countless young Afghans the opportunity to become Afghan Scouts and leaders in their communities.

We will be posting daily updates both on our website and on our Afghan Scouts Facebook Page sharing with you the highlights of this exciting week.



Argo Relief, Day 5: Khosh & Others


WorkingOn our last day in Badakhshan we decided to take a trip to surrounding villages to survey the state of affairs in districts besides Argo’s. The previous day we had already seen that the situation for orphaned children in Faizabad city was appalling, and that PARSA will definitely have to intervene once again in the National Orphanage there, if not elsewhere. We also have not forgotten what we saw on the road into Faizabad – a national highway – which had been blocked in many places by landslides and avalanches that were also terribly devastating. They had not caused the same level of localized destruction as what had happened at Argo, but for the people living in those villages each slide would have been equally traumatic. And clearly nothing had been done about it. The villagers had dug small tracks through the rubble so that cars could just barely get through, but the government wasn’t doing much, if anything, in these unpublicized cases.

On the trip to the village of Khosh we passed breathtakingly beautiful scenery – tiny green villages etched out on the side of riverbeds with massively steep, rocky mountains as a backdrop. But the beauty is misleading: life here is hard. Extremely hard. Wikipedia describes the situation quite clearly:

Despite massive mineral reserves, Badakhshan is one of the most destitute areas in the world. Opium poppy growing is the only real source of income in the province and Badakhshan has one of the highest rates of maternal mortality in the world, due to the complete lack of health infrastructure, inaccessible locations, and bitter winters of the province.

AgeThere is little to no access to education, healthcare, or economic opportunity. One in two children here die before the age of five – the highest child mortality rate in the world. Speaking with locals revealed how desperate they are for some form of assistance – older residents who clearly had serious health problems begged for any form of painkiller, and everyone said they would welcome even the most basic economic program with open arms. In the more remote corners of Badakhshan Province – such as the hard-to-reach Wakhan Corridor where it can take days by donkey to reach the nearest basic medical facility or school – the situation is even more desperate.

Today’s trip made it clear to us that although the situation for the villagers of Ab Baarik is dire, their lives before the landslide, along with the lives of most other residents of Badakhshan Province, were already in a desperate enough state to garner international support. Our PARSA team is now heading back to Kabul to debrief on what we have learned, and to determine the next steps on how we can best assist not only the people of Argo, but in the entire province of Badakhshan.

Learn more about our relief efforts in Argo here.


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Argo Relief, Day 4: Badakhshan Orphanage

We came to Badakhshan with the mandate of helping the children orphaned and displaced by the Argo landslide. After several days of visiting the site and meeting with representatives from other organizations who are on the ground working directly with the relief effort, we headed to the Badakhshan National Orphanage to assess the situation there. PARSA has been involved with Afghanistan’s government-run orphanages for 10 years now, and for the past 5 years have had a presence in Badakhshan’s. We have worked with the government to ensure that official funds from Kabul are reaching the children, and made significant progress in ensuring transparency in the funding chain and improvement in living conditions. We have also set up a Scout Troop there, which we are happy to see is still going strong.

The kids in the orphanage, all boys, were very happy to see us visitors. They loved pictures and seeing themselves on camera, asked us a lot of questions, practiced English, laughed a lot, and showed us around their grounds. They even put on a short skit for us about bullying in school and the Afghan Scouts saving the day. At first glance the orphanage seemed in better condition than many other orphanages in the country – the ground were green with tall trees and mountain views. However scratching the surface it became quite clear that things were not as good as they seemed.

The orphanage is packed, and despite the vast need cannot afford to take in any more children. The bedrooms are small and quite dirty, with the younger children sleeping 17 in a small room on a damp carpet with dirty walls, and the older children sharing bunk-beds which allow up to 28 boys to sleep in a room. They are using the same mattresses and blankets that PARSA provided three years ago, despite government money having been allocated to replacing them yearly. Some of the kids had finger nails that had not been trimmed in months, and the guardians of the orphanage said that although money was supposedly allocated for “mothers” to come to work with and care for the boys, rarely was it that they showed up.

It is clear that a lot still needs to be done for these provincial orphanages. There is still major disconnect between the government in Kabul and what goes on out here. The guardians of the orphanage cannot be blamed – they themselves were orphans too, and do not know any better or how to demand what they are entitled to. We were happy to see our Afghan Scouts program doing well, and the boys were full of life, however there is a lot that needs to be done to improve conditions. Government support needs to reach the people it was designated for.

Unfortunately for our current mission the orphanage is too full and not able to take in any more kids, so PARSA will work to ensure that those from Argo find other arrangements. If needed we have arranged to have them transported to Kabul and placed in Shamsa Village Orphanage, however as far as our initial assessment has gone it looks like with the right support Argo’s orphans will be able to live permanently in the Argo region with relatives or members of their village. Taking kids out of the beauty of Badakhshan to relocate them to a big city orphanage would not be the ideal situation and it is proven that it is in the kids best interest to support neighbors or relatives to care for orphaned children than to bring them elsewhere.

Our Argo work and planning is ongoing, however the most significant issue we learned of today is the upsetting state of the Badakhshan National Orphanage and the fact that it is so full they cannot find a place for children that are in dire need of help. The orphans of Argo are not the only ones in Badakhshan who need our help. PARSA will need to intervene, once again.

Learn more about our relief efforts in Argo here.


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Argo Relief, Day 3: Stories

Ab Bareen village refugees - 1616

Today after a morning coordination meeting with the vice-governor, various government agencies and other “major players” (in which little more was accomplished than circular bickering over how many people were killed) Norm and Reese joined representatives of Concern International on another trip to Ab Baarik. This time their goal was to visit the section of the camp that Concern is responsible for, as well as to build more connections with the villagers and interview those affected.  Below is a brief quote from Reese’s experience, as well as several harrowing stories of the survivors and their families.



“Today Norm and I returned to Ab Baarik for a more in depth survey of the situation. We saw a lot that concerned us. First we saw a man from Pakistan handing out money to what quickly turned into a desperate mob. The police had to fire a few warning shots into the air to calm the situation and disperse the crowd. It has been a week and a half since the slide, and the smell has gotten pretty bad. We saw many people praying for their lost ones. Those affected directly, plus many people from surrounding villages are flocking to get any aid or assistance they can get their hands on. It has been bad for all these people for some time, and it is difficult to tell who is worst off. I met a 5-year old boy and his older sister who had severe trauma from watching their father and family members die in front of them. Your heart aches for these children, and you will do anything to make them smile.”



Ab Bareen village refugees - 1621 copy 3

Khawa Gul: She is an older lady with 5 children to take care of ranging from a little baby boy up to a 15-year old girl. She lost her husband, her house, and all her family in the landslide, and Concern has not been able to identify any other family related to her. After observing her during the course of his visit, Norm identified her as being the most obviously disturbed woman he saw. Upon hearing bodies had been found at the site she took off running down the hill. She was frantic and others said she often cried and was unable to sleep.

20140511_115830Agha Mohammad: He was one of the first ones to tell us his story. He had tears in his eyes as he told of the 15 family members he had lost, and pointed out the section of mud where his brother’s house had once been. He was lucky enough that his own house and family had been located in an unaffected part of the village, however his brother and his wife and entire family were killed, along with cousins and members of his wife’s family.

20140511_113609Ahmad: We did not speak directly with this teenage boy as he was in a state of deep mourning when we saw him and then he disappeared afterwards, but villagers explained a little of his story. When we saw him he was crouched over a deep hole he had dug into the mud where his house had once been. He had made it to about 6m deep and had reached the roof beams of his former house. His mother and all his brothers and sisters had been inside.

Jamila: The most “profoundly disturbed youth” that Norm encountered. She had lost her mother, father and most of her family. Her behavior was very inappropriate – smiling and giggling without cause. Her thinking was disorganized, and she had become voluntarily mute. Norm was told that at night she cried out “where is my mother!” and “my mother is under the ground!”. These are the types of cases Dr. Norm is most concerned about and is trying to ensure they receive adequate support.

These stories are obviously just the tip of the iceberg, and many other horrible ones have been discussed in the news. The situation is tough, and serious long term planning is going to be necessary. Our PARSA team is doing everything we can to come up with the best possible plan of action to assist those affected in rebuilding their lives.

Learn more about our relief efforts in Argo here.


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Argo Relief, Day 2: Visiting Ab Baarik


A picture can not adequately capture the massive scale of destruction.

Today we woke up bright and early knowing our day would be an intense one. After breakfast and a visit to the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (MOLSA), where Dr. Norm and Yasin picked up two officials who would accompany us to the site, we took off from Faizabad for the one hour drive to Argo District. The drive was beautiful – green rolling foothills with the occasional farmer or herder on the road. We arrived to the district capital and passing the town bazaar saw our first signs of the landslide in the form of trucks carrying relief supplies. We exited the town, drove through a river, and continued the last seven kilometers to the village of Ab Baarik, where the landslide hit.

When the village came into sight so did the apparent ongoing chaos – 4WDs parked everywhere, tents with all sorts of relief organizations’ and political parties’ logos emblazoned on them, and a swarm of men hanging out around the entrance waiting for the next distribution time. The women and children could be spotted sitting in or outside the tents. We parked and Yasin went to speak with officials and connect to the people we had previously contacted. Our goal in coming was to asses the situation and try to find out reliable information as to the state of the children, particularly those who had lost their families in the landslide.


Tabish’s Child Friendly Spaces. The landslide is visible in the background.

In the course of our visit we were able to talk to quite a few people who gave us an idea of the situation – both those who had lost family and their homes, and those who had come to help. Our initial impression is that at this point most children are being adequately cared for –  many organizations have brought supplies, and certain communities from around Afghanistan have collected supplies and delivered them with signs saying things like “Donated by the People of Ghazni” – a heartwarming gesture indeed. Specific to our mandate to work with the orphanage and ensure the kids are being cared for, we met with Tabish who also works with child psychosocial concerns. They have set up “child friendly spaces” for all children in the area and it appeared that although there are many children who have lost their families, at this point distant relatives or at least neighbors have taken them in. This is of course not a long term solution but it takes the children out of immediate danger.

Slowly rising flood

The floods are deepening as the streams cannot be redirected.

We were also able to see the intensity of the destruction. Although the numbers of those dead likely not reach 3000 as previously reported, the destruction is still horrific. Looking at the landslide’s path one cannot get an adequate impression of the massive amount of mud that came down from the hill, but walking to the other side of the slide, seeing just how deep that valley had been, and realizing the depth that has been completely filled with mud, is a shock indeed. Villagers estimate that around 70 houses were completely buried and it is obvious that many more were damaged, plus there are even more that have had to be abandoned due to the risk of further slides. Another very problematic factor is that houses are still being destroyed since the mudslide dammed off two small streams that were running down the two forks of the valley that met in Ab Baarik. This mud dam is causing two small lakes to form that are slowly flooding the remaining houses – and the mud is far, far too deep to dig out a path for the deepening water. As it rises more houses will be destroyed and there is also a risk that the excess water will loosen more mud for another slide. It is a situation that will get worse before it gets better. Relocating the entire village may be the only safe option.

OrphanAlthough we still have more meetings to attend and other officials to speak with, not to mention awaiting the situation report from MOLSA and the government decision on where the families will be given land to relocate to, it was immediately clear that what we need to be thinking about are long term solutions. Right now adequate food and supplies are being brought in to keep those affected alive, however the long term doesn’t appear to be in anyone’s agenda at the moment. Tomorrow our PARSA team has been invited to attend a relief coordination meeting, and then we will travel back to Ab Baraak with the team from Concern Worldwide, one of the main organizations working on all aspects of the relief effort. They have asked us to assist with the part of their efforts that focusses on children. More updates tomorrow.

Learn more about our relief efforts in Argo here.

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Video showing a 360 view of the buried village of Ab Baarik.

Argo Relief, Day 1: Roadtrip

Norm, Yasin and Reese taking a break somewhere on the northern edge of the Hindu Kush.

This morning our Badakhshan-bound PARSA team headed out of Kabul at 530 a.m. to take on the 12 hour drive to Faizabad. Yasin, Norm, Reese, Habib and myself were in good spirits and the ride passed without a glitch – even Salang Tunnel didn’t give us any traffic problems. We passed beautiful mountains, farm lands, Kuchi herders and all sort of villages and open land – Afghanistan really is a beautiful country. We stopped where we could to give a helping hand – Habib, Reese and Yassin jumped out of the van to help pull a stuck car out from a ditch, and another time we stopped to give a woman and her brother a ride to a hospital. Kept the trip interesting, and as Yasin said, “It was our Scouting deeds for the day!”

Despite the good mood and beauty of the trip, we didn’t forget our purpose. On the way here we have already seen evidence of the excessive rainfall that fell this spring in the region – there were many places along our route where the road had been washed away in the past few months by landslides or flooding. Luckily for us villagers had repaired the road to passable state, so we were able to arrive in Faizabad safely. Tomorrow we will be up bright and early to meet with officials at the Badakhshan National Orphanage and begin our assessment of the situation. We aren’t sure what to expect, but we know it wont be pleasant.

Please take a look at the following gallery of pictures taken today during our trip. Although we traveled here for a difficult task, and tomorrow is going to be the first of several difficult days, it is important to remember how beautiful of a country Afghanistan really is.


Learn more about our relief efforts in Argo here.


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Afghan Scouts TV Day

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PARSA’s Afghan Scouts had the opportunity last week to head out on a fun-filled field trip. They were invited by Khorshid TV to join in the audience of their Nowruz (Persian New Year) special programing. All our Scouts had a great time, and lots of new memories were made. Another great day for Scouting in Afghanistan! Check out Reese’s video slideshow!

Two of our own Announce their Engagement!

Aryan Najeeb

It’s a happy day at PARSA – two of our own have announced their engagement!! Congratulations to Najeeb and Aryan for giving us a wonderful start to our first day back at the office after Nowruz. Both Najeeb and Aryan, along with Aryan’s father Gul Ahmad Mustafa, are a big part of the PARSA family. We are very happy for them and wish them all the best in the future.

The Women of Dost-e-Barchi

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Getting to Dost-e-Barchi was a challenge. It is located in a far off part of Kabul that I had never visited before and after we left the main paved road it took the better part of an hour navigating through muddy lanes to reach our destination. The four days of torrential rains that we had received in Kabul certainly didn’t help the mud situation very much.

Upon arrival, however, our moods were immediately uplifted by the group of welcoming women whom we had come to visit. They were in the middle of a literacy class yet were happy to take a break to welcome their visitors with tea and chocolates.

We spoke to them for a while about what their goals are and how they would like assistance from PARSA. These women are a unique group because they have formed their own cooperative with minimal involvement from outsiders – PARSA’s role is simply to ask them what they require for their programs and to try and support them with their goals. This could include anything from paying a teacher’s salary for literary classes like the one we had come to visit, providing transportation so the women can travel to Marastoon to take part in PARSA farming courses, or supplying sewing machines so they can reach their goal of making clothing and embroidery and opening their own small business.

We hung around for some time chatting and taking pictures – the women had lots of questions and laughed at my budding Dari. They passed on more requests and suggestions to Saliyah, my colleague with whom I had come. Then it was time to say goodbye – I look forward to visiting them again and seeing their successes. It’s great to see Afghan women taking such initiative!


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Enlightening Visit to a Kabul Girls’ Orphanage

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Even after living in Afghanistan for nearly 2 years there are still eye-openers around every corner. Yesterday I paid my first visit to the Alluaddin Girl’s Orphanage, one of two government funded orphanages in Kabul. The purpose of my visit was to photograph the weekly Girl Scout meeting, but what I came away with was a clearer understanding of the life of a young girl growing up in Afghanistan.

Although I have worked at PARSA for a year and have spent plenty of time around Afghan girls and women, yesterday was a rare opportunity to see a group of girls completely comfortable, in their element, just having fun. I was initially struck by their beauty, openness, cleverness and energy, but then it hit me how normal it all felt. I might as well have been with a group of Girl Scouts back home in Toronto, or anywhere else.

Reading this from anywhere but Afghanistan you would probably say “Of course, children all over the world are the same!”, but here it doesn’t feel like that sometimes, especially with girls. Cultural restrictions don’t allow girls to laugh and play in public, and when they hit puberty many are encouraged to don the burqa and are hidden completely. So seeing a group of young teenage girls laugh and sing and enjoy themselves so immensely was a very rare and rewarding experience.

Leaving the orphanage I felt like I had reconnected with my work at PARSA, and it made me want to redouble my efforts in helping women and girls like the ones at Alluaddin. Because in the back of my head I know that although today they are laughing and carrying on happily, those girls and others like them need as much help as they can to prepare for their futures. The fact is that for a young orphaned woman here in Afghanistan, options for life are bleak at best.  It all reminded me of how important our work here at PARSA is.

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